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  1. UNIT 5. NATURAL WONDERS OF THE WORLD A. PHONETICS a. Read the following pairs of words; pay attention to the underlines parts of the words you read. 1. Stop/ top 6. best/ bet 2. Stable/ table 7. boast/ boat 3. Stall/ tall 8. lost/ lot 4. Plaster/ plater 9. boost/ boot 5. Thirsty/thirty 10. least/ leat b. Fill each blank with a suitable word in Exercise to complete the sentences, and then read them aloud. 1. To join the army, you must be at eighteen years old. 2. I’m so Would you please get me a drink? 3. A strong gust of wind blows down trees on the of the mountain. 4. Where is my left ? Do you see it anywhere? 5. The teacher is sitting at the . 6. Nam learns the in our class. 7. Oh, I’ve cut my finger. Will you give me a ? 8. Remember to bring the compass if you don’t want to be in the forest, 9. My mother often goes to the fruit to buy apples and oranges. 10. There is a racing on the river every day. c. Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlines. Read the words aloud. 1. A. desert B. visit C. island D. cheese 2. A. cave B. famous C. late D. valley 3. A. wonder B. forest C. welcome D. color 1
  2. 4. A. weather B. speak C. beach D. easy 5. A. windsurfing B. thrilling C. diverse D. cuisine B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR a. Find the odd A, B, C or D 1. A. sleeping bag B. sun cream C. backpack D. eraser 2. A. weightlifter B. tennis C. volleyball D. soccer 3. A. visit B. walk C. map D. cross 4. A. highest B. hotter C. longest D. nicest 5. A. river B. lake C. mountain D. stream b. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense form. 1. Mrs. Mai usually (finish) ___ her work at 5p.m. 2. Where (be) ___ your children? 3. They (watch) ___ TV in the sitting room. 4. In England the sun (not shine) ___ every day. 5. Viet Nam (have) ___ many beautiful beaches. 6. Look! Lan (wear) ___ a new dress. 7. Don’t forget (send) ___ me a postcard when you are holiday. 8. ___ You (enjoy) ___ collecting stamps? 9. What are you doing tonight? 10. I (go) ___ to the circus. I like (watch) ___ the performing animals. c. Fill in the blanks with MUST or MUSN’T 1. She is ill, so she ___ see the doctor. 2. It is raining. You ___ take your umbrella. 3. You ___ throw litter on the stairs. 4. This is a secret. You ___ tell anybody. 2
  3. 5. You ___ make noise in the library. 6. We ___ hurry or we will miss the bus. 7. You ___ eat fruit and vegetables. 8. The baby is sleeping. You ___ shout. 9. You ___ be friendly to everybody. 10. You ___ walk on the grass in the park. d. Comparative- Superlative Quiz. 1. which girl is ___ Dana or Karen? A. young B. the youngest C. Younger D. more young. 2. Tom is ___ boy in the class. A. the strongest B. more long C. strong D. the most strong. 3. The Great Wall of China is ___ wall in the world. A. the longest B. more long C. longer D. long 4. February is ___ than April. A. Short B. the shortest C. shorter D. more short 5. I am ___ at music than my sister. A. good B. better C. goodest D. The best 6. Hoa is ___ girl in the class. A. the cleverest B. clever C. cleverer D. more clever 7. Swimming is ___ than running. A. exciting B. more exciting C. excited D. the most exciting 8. Travelling by plane is ___ than travelling by ship A. fastest B. fast C. faster D. more fast 9. Jerualem is ___ city in Israel. A. the biggest B. big C. bigger D. biggest 10. The weather this week is ___ than last week 3
  4. A. bader B. bad C. the worst D. worse C. READING a. Read the passage and do the tasks followed FANSIPAN MOUNTAIN Fansipan is a mountain in Vietnam. At 3,143 metres (10,312 ft), it is the highest mountain in Indochina. It is located in the Lao Cai Province in the Northwest Vietnam, 9 km southwest of Sa Pa Township in the Hoang Lien Son mountain range. Due to its high elevation, Fansipan is called "the Roof of Indochina". With about 2,024 floral varieties and 327 faunal species, it is to be approves as one of the very few ecotourism spots of Viet Nam. You can climb through the trails to the peak of the mountain and observe the sunset. The best time to travel is between October and March when wild flowers are in bloom. Fansipan Mountain has long been the destination for those who are fond of exploring.  Fill the table with the right information about Fansipan Mountain 1. Height: 2. Location: 3. Its another name: 4. Reason for the name: 5. The best time to travel: 6. Total of floral species: 7. Total of faunal species: 8. Things travelers can do: 4
  5.  True or False? Check √ the boxes. Then correct the false statemnets. T F 1. Mount Fansipan is in the Northeast Viet Nam 2. It is one of the most famous ecotourism spots in Viet Nam 3. It attracts adventurous people. 4. It is the highest mountain in the world. 5. It is famous for its height. 6. Travelers can have a good time there. 7. Between October and March is the best time to travel. 8. It has long been destination for all people. b. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in the Bo Trach and Minh Hoa Districts of central Quang Binh province, in North central Viet Nam. Phong Nha – Ke Bang is famous for its cave systems. It has 300 caves with a total length of about 70 km, of which only 20 have been surveyed by Vietnamese and British scientists. The Park contains many fascinating rock formations and Ke Bang Forest. Travelers should take a boat ride through underground rivers to experience nature and enjoy fresh air. * Answer the questions: 1. Where is Phong Nha – Ke Bang? ___ 5
  6. 2. What is it famous for? ___ 3. What should travelers do when they travel there? ___ 4. How many caves are there in Phong Nha – Ke Bang? ___ 5. Have Vietnamese and British scientists surveyed all the caves there? ___ 6. Do you want to travel to Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park? Why or why not? * Complete the sentences: 1. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park site. 2. It is in 3. It is famous because 4. There are Phong Nha – Ke Bang. 5. Vietnamese and Britíh scientist only a few 6. The park also has many c. choose the correct word A,B, C or D for each gap to complete the following passage. One of the (1) . waterfall in the whole world lies on the Zimbezi River, which (2) the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Some people think it is one of the most beautiful sights (3) the world. Upstream, the river (4) through a wide valley. You could probably (5) Victoria Fall from 25 to 40 miles away and see its spray rising 1,0000 feet into the air (6) seven miles away. Long before you even see the waterfalls you can (7) the roaring of the water. Victoria Falls was (8) by David Livingstone in 1855. The falls were names in honor of Queen Victoria. There is no doubt that Victoria Falls is a Wonder of The Natural World. 1. A. great B. greatest C. greater 2. A. form B. to form C. forms 6
  7. 3. A. in B. on C. over 4. A. runs B. flows C. flowed 5. A. see B. saw C. seen 6. A. got B. from C. of 7. A. touch B. hear C. watch 8. A. discover B. discovering C. discovered * Answer the questions 1. Does Victoria Falls lie on the Zimbezi River? ___ 2. Where does the Zimbezi River flow upstream? ___ 3. What do some people think about Victoria Falls? ___ 4. Can people see Victoria Falls? ___ 5. Who discovered Victoria Falls? ___ 6. Why were the falls named Victoria? ___ D. WRITING a. Make sentences using the words and phrases given 1. June/ hot/ May/ but/ July/ the/ hot. ___ 2. Students/ must/ keep/ school/ clean/ beautiful. ___ 3. Remember/ bring/ essential/ travel items/ your holiday/. 7
  8. ___ 4. Mr.Phong/ want/ explore/ coast/ boast/. ___ 5. I/ think/ Nha Trang/ the nicest/ beaches/ visit/. ___ 6.What/ weather/ like/ Sapa?/ ___ 7. The Han River/ flow/ throw/ Da Nang city/. ___ 8. We/ mustn’t/ drive/ the left/ Viet Nam/. ___ 9. who/ the strongest/ your/ family?/ ___ 10. There/ not/ many/ trees/ my neighbourhood/. ___ b. Rewrite the following sentences. Beginning as shown, so that the meaning stays the same. 1. There are lots of beautiful lakes in Viet Nam. Viet Nam 2. Many tourists want to visit Sa Pa because of its fresh air. Many tourists want to visit Sa Pa because . 3. Da Nang is smaller than Ha Noi, and Ha Noi is smaller than Ho Chi Minh city. Ho Chi Minh city. . 4. Our country doesn’t have any deserts. There. . . 8
  9. 5. No one in our class is taller than Vinh. Vinh . . 6. Watching TV is more interesting than reading books. Reading books. . 7. My home village lies near the foot of mountain. My home village. . 8. Mr Hung is Nam’s teacher. Nam is. . 9. Remember to do your homework. You must 10. Quang sits in front of Minh Minh sits c. Imagine you are a tourist on vacation in a certain place in Viet Nam or in a foreign country where there are natural wonders. Write a postcard to a friend about your trip. You need to cover the information about: - Place: name of the place you visit: Sa Pa, Da Lat, etc - How you feel about the people: friendly, hospitable, helpful, etc - What the weather is like: warm, cold, sunny, windy, etc - Who you meet/see: old friends, relatives, neighbours, etc - Write about the things and people of the place you visit with other places. - What you buy: postcard, souvenirs, books, ect . 9